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Minding the enforcement gap

The dismissal of six environmental-protection officials in Anhui – simply for doing their job – is a sorry reminder of the chasm between central government ambition and local realities, says Ma Jun.

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On June 17, China Central Television (CCTV) reported that six environmental-protection officials in Guzhen, a county in China’s eastern Anhui province, had been removed from their posts by the local government. The deputy secretary of the local disciplinary commission explained why: they had visited one company – tyre manufacturer Innova Rubber three times in a month. “Doing that to a business really impacts on our development environment,” he said.

Environmental supervision is one of the local environmental protection bureau’s responsibilities. By carrying out three checks in one month – and one of these was merely a telephone call to request the results of coal tests and receipts for production materials – it was simply fulfilling a duty entrusted to it by the central government. So how did this become a transgression that the local government could not ignore?

The statement from the disciplinary commission makes it clear. It wasn’t carrying out three checks on one company in a month that was the problem; it was the belief that this would affect the “development environment” – that is, the local government’s ability to attract investment. Increasing local GDP is crucial to advancing the careers of local officials, and so drawing and protecting investment is the main task for the government organs they control.

And Guzhen’s campaign for investment is in a league of its own. According to the CCTV report, the local government website features eight commitments to investors, including a promise that if you invest 10 million yuan (US$1.5 million) or more in fixed assets locally, the county party secretary and county head will act as your assistants. Encounter a problem, and you can get them to sort it out. The company in this case had invested US$15 million (102 million yuan). When the environmental bureau picked a fight, the local leaders naturally lent a hand.

While this is an extreme case, it is not an isolated one. Many polluting firms have plaques hanging up announcing their status as “Key Protected Businesses”, which gives them a certain level of protection from environmental laws. In 2007, the city of Hefei – again in Anhui – issued new regulations for “optimising” the investment environment, restricting checks by any single government body on any single company to a maximum of one per year. This was clearly designed to weaken environmental oversight and standards in order to win investor approval. The deputy secretary of the Guzhen disciplinary commission made it perfectly clear: “What happens inside their walls is their business, what happens outside is ours – and our business is to provide good services.”

A company’s property is of course its own. But that does not make it an independent fiefdom. It is still subject to state laws and regulation, including those that protect the environment. If it is not effectively controlled, the pollution the company produces will impact on the environment beyond its walls and even directly affect the health and safety of local communities. To reduce the government’s role to mere provision of services to investors, and to go so far as to remove environmental officials from their posts for visiting company premises, is heavy-handed interference with environmental-law enforcement.

The hiring, firing and working conditions of local environmental officials are under the control of local government. Even environmental authorities set on strict enforcement cannot touch major tax contributors – and personnel who stick to their guns will find they lose their job. This case demonstrates, once again, that as long as environmental authorities are subordinate to growth-hungry local governments, there can be no genuine environmental-law enforcement and no effective pollution control.


Ma Jun is director of the Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs.

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Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

缺乏成熟性的政府

在各种无意义的言行停止之前,中国很难使那些疑论者相信这次它真的要走“绿色”发展道路。

Lack of joined-up government

Until this sort of nonsense ceases, China will find it difficult to convince skeptics that it really is going "green".

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

经济增长的重要性超越法律和环境?

经济增长,尤其是不可持续的增长,决不能比法律还重要。

在这片优秀的文章里,一味追求经济增长引起了目前中国社会很多矛盾和不安定,然而“经济”依然将自己当作是防止社会动荡的不可缺少因素。

The primacy of economic growth over the law and the environment

Economic growth - often unsustainable - must not be allowed to over-ride the law.

The pursuit of economic growth as presented in this good article is the cause of much social unrest in China - yet it is presented as if it is necessary in order to prevent social unrest.

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

经济差距

我认为问题主要在于中国各地区经济发展不均衡。对于一些省份来说,工业增长完全是依赖于供应端采矿和加工产业。他们没有引起到太多消费者的注意,也无法吸引媒体的关注。

Economic Disparity

I think that a major part of the problem lies in the economic disparity within China. For some provinces, industrial growth entirely relies on supply end mining and processing industries. They don't get the amount of attention the consumer end gets and cannot attract the media attention for awareness.

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

哪个最重要?

依我看来,目前中国正处于两难境地,关于如何在环境保护和经济发展之间找到平衡点。许多地方政府歪曲中央决策和法律,地方政府只重视经济发展,因为它是官员政绩的标志,由此官员可以得到提升!因此,问题关键所在是地方政府政绩考核制度。

which is the most improtant ?

From my point of view ,the contemporary China just step into a dilemma ,How the reach the balance between the Environment Protection and the the economic development .And many local distort the supreme decisions and laws, the local authorities just attach the most importance to the Economic ,because it is a sign of their performance to get further promotion ! So the problems indeed lie in the regime of the loacl government regulation .