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Rhino poaching campaign targets Chinese youth

Jeremy Smith

Readinch

Research shows China isn't the main problem in the illegal rhino trade, but may be the solution

article image

As the world's rhino population dwindles, poaching is more vicious than ever. With time running out for the rhino, campaigners are turning to China to help end the illegal rhino horn trade. (Image by Jeremy Smith)

 

Of the many errors and misconceptions surrounding the rhino horn trade, perhaps the most oft-cited one is this: it’s all the fault of the Chinese.

Read the studies, speak to the experts, move away from knee-jerk reactions and the truth is that China is not the number one culprit. Yes, there was a time when it was seen as a virtual panacea. Li Shizhen's 1597 Bencao Gangmu prescribed it for almost everything: from “devil possession” to “typhoid, headache and feverish colds”, “carbuncles and boils full of pus” and “arthritis, melancholia, loss of the voice”.
 
Yet rhino horn was struck from China’s official pharmacopeia in the early 1990s, and has been banned in China since 2003. Both the wildlife trade-monitoring network TRAFFIC and WWF have noted the country’s progress in controlling the rhino horn trade.
 
Today, Vietnam controls the market for roughly two-thirds of the trade. This is not to say that China isn't involved: much of the remaining third is used inside the country. But Vietnam's population is a little under 89 million. China's is over 1.3 billion. Comparatively, in other words, China has things under control.
 
“Per capita the market in China is absolutely minuscule”, says Peter Knights of the conservation group WildAid, which is spearheading a new campaign aimed at ending the trade for good in China and Vietnam.
 
According to Knights, who has spent 20 years on the issue: “the trade in China is incredibly suppressed, considering there are 250-300 million people in China who could afford to consume rhino horn in small quantities.”
 
These days, however, there is much less horn to consume. At the beginning of the 20th century there were 500,000 rhinos across Africa and Asia. By 1970 there were just 70,000. Today, fewer than 29,000 rhinos survive in the wild.
 
Despite the minuscule numbers remaining, the trade in rhino horn is booming. Poachers in South Africa killed just 13 rhinos in 2007. By 2011, that number rose to 448. Last year, 668 were slain. If the numbers carry on at this rate, many experts say, the black rhino could be headed for extinction in South Africa by 2016.
 
Why the focus on South Africa? Vietnam's Javan Rhino went extinct in 2011. Four of the last seven Northern White Rhino (and the only ones able to breed) are under 24-hour armed guard in Kenya's Ol Pejeta conservancy, making them officially the rarest mammal in the world. This leaves 80% of the world’s remaining rhino in South Africa, and it is here that the majority of the poaching is happening.
 
As a result, significant public awareness campaigns are finally taking place in South Africa. These initiatives are focussed on protecting what remains, funding patrols, and providing education and alternatives to those who might be tempted to risk their lives to poach a horn. What they do not do is address demand.
 
This is where WildAid's campaign comes into play. Under their slogan “When the buying stops, the killing can too”, the organisation is attempting to quell public support for all aspects of the illegal wildlife trade: rhinos, elephants, tigers, sharks and other species.
 
The rhino campaign launches fully on Chinese media in March and in Vietnam in April. Much work has already been done, most significantly with WildAid’s celebrity ambassador Yao Ming, the enormously popular Chinese former NBA basketball star.
 
Last year WildAid took him to Africa to witness the impact of the rhino and ivory trades first-hand. In the blog he kept while visiting, which was viewed over a million times, Ming wrote: "From my trip it’s clear that South Africans feel the same way about their rhinos as we Chinese do about our pandas... this [poaching] is not acceptable and is damaging China’s relations with our friends and trading partners in Africa. We would be outraged if people were killing our pandas, we should be just as upset with what’s happening to rhinos and elephants in Africa."
 
Learning from the shark-fin campaign
 
The goal is not to convince an older generation that rhino horn doesn’t work. Multiple studies have shown it has negligible medicinal benefit, though as the conservation group Saving the Rhino points out, it retains “ingrained cultural significance” in many parts of Asia.
 
Rather, WildAid aims to influence younger people in China by making conservation issues “aspirational and inspirational”. For while the newly affluent young may not be using it as a medicine, there is a new risk. Journalist Julian Rademeyer, who spent two years investigating the trade, said he found people “speaking of it as a party drug – often as a hangover cure”.
 
 
The campaign stresses three key factors: the cruelty of poaching procedures, the existential risk posed to the rhino, and the fact that this is not just a “nature” issue, but a social one. Poaching is a crime that involves the same murderous syndicates involved in drugs, prostitution and people trafficking. And because living rhinos provide huge income opportunities through community ecotourism, their deaths harm local people who rely on foreign tourist income to survive and send their children to school.
 
For China, which has a huge and growing investment presence across Africa, distancing itself from the trade could pay off in terms of positive PR. 'Our line is not that China is the biggest problem,' Knights said, 'but rather that China has a chance to lead'.
 
Will such an approach work? In 2008, WildAid launched a shark fin campaign (also featuring Yao Ming and using the same slogan) during the Beijing Olympics. Some 55 per cent of people recalled seeing the campaign, of whom 82% said they had stopped eating shark fin soup – a legal product – as a result. But with time running out for the rhino, they are going to need an even better success rate this time.
 

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OMG为犀牛写信的运动

OMG创建者卡特(12岁)和他的妹妹奥利维亚(10.5岁)认为改变这种情况的最好方式是通过教育。他们发起了一个为犀牛写信的运动,让所有的来自世界各地的参与者写信给南非总统雅各布祖玛。

这两个年轻的创建者将在今年前往南非将收集的信件亲手交给雅各布祖玛总统。了解更多关于运动的信息或者免费下载社团关于犀牛的报告,请点击:http://onemoregeneration.org/2012/07/20/dear-president-zuma/

我们希望你会考虑给我们写信,这样的话我们可以让南非政府感受到全世界都希望他们在为时已晚之前尽快参与到拯救犀牛的行动中。

OMG Rhino Letter Writing Campaign

OMG founders Carter (age 12) and his sister Olivia (age 10.5) agree that the best way to change the situation is with education. they have created a Rhino Letter Writing Campaign which is asking people from all over the world to send them letters addressed to president Jacob Zuma of South Africa.

The two young founders are going to travel back to South Africa to hand deliver all the collected letters to President Zuma later this year. You can learn more about the campaign and download a free copy of their Community Rhino presentation from the following link:

http://onemoregeneration.org/2012/07/20/dear-president-zuma/

We hope you too will consider sending them your letter as well so we can show the South Africa government that the whole world is asking him to get involved before it is too late.


通过《邦吉的诉求》拯救犀牛

很高兴读这篇文章,因为这一直是我所思考的问题。我们不能通过成人改变现状,但我们可以通过儿童来改变未来。《邦吉的追求》是一本关于犀牛困境的教育儿童的故事书籍。故事鼓励对犀牛的爱,有助于理解因偷猎所造成的犀牛困境,并且塑造了一个拟人的小犀牛邦吉。小朋友可以因为同情邦吉而产生拯救邦吉们的想法,使他们长大后不会成为猎杀着或者犀牛角的使用者。目前这本书已被翻译成很多语言,并且在猎杀犀牛最为严重的克鲁格国家公园也被广泛传播,1000中国译本也即将销往中国香港。我们希望通过这股教育浪潮能够将越南语译本也在越南推广。如果你感兴趣加入我们或者帮助我们加速这个进程,请点击:www.AfricanEducationalStories.co.za or www.facebook.com/groups/BongisQuest for more info.

Saving the Rhino with Bongi's Quest

This was a joy to read, cos has always been my thought as well. We cannot change the present through adults, but we CAN change the future through children. Bongi's Quest is an educational childrens story book that has been written to educate children about the plight of our rhino through a little bushveld story. The story generates the love for rhino and and understanding of the poaching delema and creating a personality around the little rhino Bongi, children can then relate and become compassionate to save "Bongi" and other rhino by not becoming a poacher or rhino horn user. To date the book has been translated into many languages, is being spread around the villages on the boundary of the Kruger National Park (the poaching hot-spot) at the moment and 1000 Chinese versions have already made their way to Hong Kong. We hope to start the wave of education here and push it out in time in a Vietnamese version into Vietnam as well. If you wish to get involved and help speed up this educational drive, head to www.AfricanEducationalStories.co.za or www.facebook.com/groups/BongisQuest for more info.


安永会计师事务所 哈罗玎·沃尔特

这篇文章很棒,讲了几种生物的情况。感谢作者用犀牛角和数字启发中国。

Ernst Haroldine Walter

Excellent articles on a number of creatures. Thank you for the enlightenment on China, with regard to Rhino horn and statistics.


当前的事实数据和其他问题

25%被偷猎的犀牛进入了中国市场,这相当于在过去两年中有279头犀牛(2013年167头、2011年112头)进入中国,参与非法犀牛交易显然是违法的。此外2006-2010年间,187头从南非出口到中国的活犀牛还健在吗?它们的牛角被削掉了吗?如果答案是肯定的,为什么犀角贸易仍然存在?为什么极少参与打击到不断升级的偷猎危机?政府2003年的打击犀角贸易禁令的效果何在?很显然,禁令并没有得到很好的贯彻实施,为什么会这样呢?我不想探讨其中的原因,但在非洲的问题上我觉得政府层面的腐败问题值得思考!

Correct facts and figures and other issues!

So China is accepting that 25% of the horn from poached rhino reaches China..... this equates to 279 rhino over the last two years (167 from 2012 & 112 from 2011) and is, as such, still guilty of involvement in the rhino trade.
Furthermore what has become of the 187 live rhino exported from RSA to China from 2006-1210............ are they being farmed?............. Are their horns being shaved? If the answer is yes........ why is this the case if there is no trade in Rhino Horn, little involvement in the current escalating poaching crisis and the Chinese Government slapped a ban on rhino horn in 2003............ It is clear to me that the ban is not being enforced and why would that be? I am loathe to suggest a reason although in Africa I would suggest corruption at Governemt level!


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