Unusually, the announcement of Tsinghua University president Chen Jining’s appointment as Minister of Environmental Protection barely mentioned his 65-year-old predecessor, Zhou Shengxian, who had held the post for a decade.
This break with convention is less surprising than it first seems. Zhou presided over high profile environmental disasters that became an increasing source of public discontent, and of discomfort to the Communist Party leadership.
Large numbers of party cadres censured the MEP at the annual March meeting of the National People's Congress, often referred to in Western media as "a rubber stamp parliament" for its lack of controversy, and the parallel session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. Such public censure is extremely rare.
Worse, it happened two years in a row. In March 2013, a vote on appointments to the NPC’s Environment and Resources Protection Committee saw 850 votes against, 120 abstentions, and 1,969 in favour. The result prompted gasps of surprise, and applause from delegates.
In 2014, delegates requested the MEP make an annual report to the NPC and CPPCC that they could vote on.
These events underscored both the depth of China’s pollution crisis, and that public willingness to accept environmental problems was at breaking point. Such dissent had never been seen before, even on other matters of public anger such as house prices, healthcare and education.
Xi Jinping also studied chemistry at Tsinghua during that same five-year period. It is possible we will see more rising stars from Tsinghua.
Dilemmas for top appointments
Despite Chen’s academic background, he has practical experience of solving a wide range of environmental problems, dealing with government ministries and encouraging new business solutions.
"Practical and sound"
Wang Yong, a former classmate at Imperial College, London, said Chen “was involved in many different fields and strategic environmental impact assessments, he understands China’s environment as a whole. He’s not like many scholars who focus on one particular technology.”
Chen may be better qualified than many academics to head the MEP. Despite his lack of a governmental experience, he has strong professional and technical networks.
He is a member of the National Environmental Advisory Commission, deputy chairman of the MEP’s Science and Technology Committee, and Vice President of Chinese Society for Environmental Sciences.
Qu Geping, the first head of the State Environmental Protection Agency, says Chen has many of the right qualities to head the MEP, describing him as “practical and sound” person, who “considers the facts of the matter”, “doesn’t do big empty talk”, has “a scientific attitude.”
Even so, his appointment carries risks. Chen is a political newcomer, with little experience of officialdom other than at Tsinghua, where he was in charge for less than three years. At Tsinghua, he was often seen on campus standing by his bicycle to stop and chat with other teachers. But at the ministry, life will be less cosy.
Political battles will become the norm in his new job, where he must balance complex webs of interests and relationships between local governments, other ministries, and big state-owned firms.
China seeks untainted officials
However, Chen's lack of governmental experience could be an advantage in the midst of an anti-corruption crusade unprecedented since the founding of the People’s Republic.
Between the 18th Party Congress in 2012 and the end of last year, 55 officials at provincial-ministerial level have been caught in the anti-corruption clampdown. An average of two a month have been placed under investigation.
Chen takes on his new job amid major challenges, as China tries to face down a full-scale environmental crisis.