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拉闸限电岂能可持续减排

蒋 姗姗

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哥本哈根会议之后,全球都盯着中国如何实现对节能减排的承诺,纸上谈兵显然是无法忽悠了。然而,距离完成“十一五”计划规定的“单位GDP能耗下降20%”的目标只剩不到4个月时间,上半年数据却显示能耗不降反升。要在半年内,完成几乎一年的配额方能“扭亏为盈”,中央急,逼着地方不情愿的乱投医。

在五月召开的国务院节能减排工作电视电话会议上,温家宝总理先是承认要实现十一五减排目标十分艰巨 ,继而强调:“无论面临多大的困难,我们的承诺不能改变,决心不能动摇,工作不能减弱。”此后8月,工信部点名2087家落后产能企业要在9月底前关闭,却被媒体指出名单疑遭“注水”,其中不乏早已被淘汰的企业,被地方政府重新上报“滥竽充数”。

然而面对中央的三令五申,地方政府也不得不在大限将即之际临时抱佛脚。在不愿关闭对地方GDP贡献巨大的排放大户的情况下,各地拉闸限电的现象此起彼伏。据《京华时报》报道,
河北衡水市安平县将从九月开始对全县实施分3批限电。不仅所有企事业单位涵括在内,连普通老百姓家里,也要面临每3天停电22小时的窘迫,甚至对医院和红绿灯也不能“网开一面”。

此新闻一经媒体披露,立即引起了国家发改委和河北省政府的高度关注,迅速下令安平纠正,医院、老百姓和红绿灯才总算逃过一劫 这则消息彻底曝露了中国县城在“节能减排”政策下的无措。以安平县为例,该县被誉为“丝网之乡”,是中国最大的丝网生产销售基地和世界最大的丝网产品集散中心。金属丝网加工制造既是这里的支柱产业,也是唯一产业。要完成减排目标,本该对这些用电大户开刀,但势必会对当地就业与财政收入造成毁灭性打击,才有了如此下策。  

节能减排的核心是产能升级,但在新技术得到广泛应用之前,先下令淘汰,则让很多依赖落后产能的地方政府慌不择路,最终背离中央初衷。有些排放大户在一个地方被取缔,立刻被其他地方争相抢去。更多的企业,则是在高压之下,先关闭生产,待目标达成或风声渐弱后,又恢复作业。
 

试想在这样的非可持续减排下,即便我们得以在今年末完成了“十一五”的目标,扬言要加大减排力度的“
十二五”怎么办?到2020年单位国内生产总值二氧化碳排放比2005年下降40%-45%的承诺又该怎么办?  

中国人好面子,
20%的目标不完成21%都觉得“难以启齿”,更别说公开向世界承认未能达成减排目标。上头立下了口号,全国人民勒紧裤腰也要将其执行。好比当年为了产钢量“赶英超美”,各家各户把炒锅、铁铲扔进土法小炼钢锅炉一样。唯表象和数据而论施政成败,盲目追求GDP增长如此,为“绿色政绩”用油漆将荒山涂绿如此,节能减排让百姓“买单”也是如此。

减排是一项长远的策略,不应只顾眼前数据。像安平县一样,把完成目标看得比人民安居乐业更重,实在有悖胡锦涛总书记提出的“
不折腾”原则。

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非常好,非常感谢

蒋女士,拜读文章以后,为您的文采和道理折服。我个人感觉这样的文章在其它栏目中实在是太少了。这不是节能减排的闹剧嘛,您的文章让我想到了小时候学过的“皇帝的新装”中的小孩子说的实话,没想到事隔这么多年,现在才真切的体会到原来真有那么多皇帝的新装需要简单的推理来驳斥。这不是中国的悲哀是什么呢?

Very good, many thanks

Ms Jiang, after reading your article, I am very impressed by your reasoning and beautiful writing. I think that there are not enough of these kinds of articles in other columns. This is an energy saving farce. Your article reminds me of the child who told the truth in the "emperor's new clothes," which I read when I was young. Who knew that after so many years, I only now truly understand that there are indeed so many emperor's new clothes that need simple resoning to disprove. If this isn't the sorrow of China, then what is?


节能之核心

“节能减排的核心是产能升级”,这个说法有些像领导。我们都知道需要产业升级不假,但是问题的关键在于如何产业升级。如果喊喊口号就能实现节能节能实现低碳,那真是太容易了。换句话说,产能升级是件比实现节能更难的任务,我们不能主次颠倒。产业的升级依靠的是什么呢?依靠的是经济体之间竞争的结果,我们现在处于产业链的下游是不假,但是这个也不是说,我们就不能实现节能,比如巴西的瑰丽奇葩就是个发展中国家的典型。我们现在全部依靠政府的智慧,精英的大脑,现在看来靠不住。我们还没有很好的机制,来保证发动全国人民的智慧,我们的非政府组织太弱,想做好事都很难。这是一个强政府碰到的一个“小问题”。

The Core of Energy-Saving

"The core of energy-saving and emissions reduction is upgrading production capacity", this saying is somewhat like a leader. It's true, we all realise the need to upgrade industry, but the crux of the problem is how to upgrade industry. If yelling slogans could realise energy-saving, and energy-saving could realise low carbon, that really would be too easy. In other words, upgrading production capacity is a more difficult task than saving energy, we cannot do the first and second in reverse. What does upgrading industry rely on? It relies on the result of competition between economic bodies. Now it is true that we are at the lower reaches of the production chain, but that is not to say that we cannot realise energy-saving, for instance Brazil's [elegant out of the ordinary] is a model for developing countries. Now we could completely rely on the wisdom of the government, the brains of the elite, but now it looks like these things are not reliable. Our non-governmental organisations are too weak, if you want to do a thing well it is very difficult. This is a strong government's "small problem".


巴西的那个城市

瑰丽奇葩是我给巴西Parana州首府Curitiba起的中文名,这是个典型的低碳、环保、可持续、宜居的发展中国家的典型,对发展中世界很有启发作用。顺便说一下,咱们国家风起云涌的城市BTR(快速巴士)就是这个城市首开先河的。

samuel

the city in Brazil

Magnificent Treasure (gui li qi pa) is the Chinese name I gave to the Brasilian city Curitiba, in Parana. This city is a model of low carbon, environmental protection, sustainability and good standards of life for developing countries, and can be an inspiration. By the way, our country's blooming BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) originated here.


节能减排走样

节能减排走样走样不走样,那是政府的事情,普通百姓该干啥干啥。没电好啊,买发电机嘛,还能促进经济复苏。

Energy saving and emission reduction are losing shape

The success or failure of energy savings and emission reductions is the government's business, ordinary people should get on with their lives. Alright, there's no electricity, buy a generator then, and even help economic recovery in the process!

(Translated by Matthew Bailey)


另类城市

在全国“节衣缩食”之时,广州正在思考,怎么才能让更多居民在亚运会开幕式当晚开灯更久一点。

Alternative city

At the time when the whole country is "scrimping and saving," Guangzhou thought, how can we make more people keep their lights on a little longer in the evening during the Asian Games opening ceremony?


”削峰填谷“也

广州至做法完全符合”削峰填谷“之电力合理、科学利用,当鼓励并推广之。特此。

"Peak load shaving"

Guangzhou fully complies with the electrical reasoning and technological use of "peak load shaving," and is encouraging and promoting it.

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