中国与世界,环境危机大家谈

china and the world discuss the environment

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anumakonda

加入本网站时间 Member Since 25 January 2011

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每个国家都有自己的生态智慧

好文章!
简单说来,生态智慧就是“无论我们从地球带走什么,我们都必须归还给她。”
如果秉持生态智慧的态度,人们必须知道日常生活中哪些行动可以实现可持续发展,而且要想办法解决摆在我们面前的大量问题——污染防治,废物管理,可再生能源和能效,生态保护,动物解放,生物多样性,推动环境法执行等。
因为资本家的贪婪,我们最基本的自然资源——空气和水遭到了污染和滥用,且状况岌岌可危。在美国,灌溉和牲畜饲养消耗了超过一半的水资源。更多的水又被用于冲洗动物粪便。很难设计一个比我们目前认为正常的更不节水的饮食方式了。生产一磅肉平均需要2500加仑水——这相当于一个普通家庭一个月的生活用水量之和。

加达德什•内洛尔(美联社)博士,印度

Every country has its own Ecological Wisdom

Excellent article
Simply expressed, ecological wisdom is “whatever we take from the earth, we must give back to the earth.”
To uphold ecologically wise values, people must determine what can be done to practice sustainability in their own daily lives and then tackle the vast problems confronting all of us – pollution prevention, waste management, renewable energy and energy efficiency, conservation, liberation of animals from cruel practices, biodiversity, and enforcement of environmental laws currently not in force.
The pollution and misuse of our most basic natural resources – air and water, due to rapacious capitalistic enterprises is also appalling. Over half the total amount of water consumed in the United States goes to irrigate land growing feed and fodder for livestock. Enormous additional quantities of water must also be used to wash away animal excrement. It would be hard to design a less water-efficient diet-style than the one we have come to think of as normal. To produce a single pound of meat takes an average of 2,500 gallons of water – as much as a typical family uses for all its combined household purposes in a month.

Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India

在尼泊尔利用一系列可再生能源

对比其他国家的能源潜力,过去三十年里尼泊尔在小型水力发电上进行了大量投资。尼泊尔私营部门拥有90台小型氢键结合设备,分散在全国75个地区中的大约59个。太阳能:26,000兆瓦;风能:200兆瓦;理论上830亿瓦特,实际25,000兆瓦与氢能混合发电能力;薪材:7吨;沼气:大约10立方米的容量,外加现有家畜和200,000棵农作物。尼泊尔全国超过80%的能源需求来自于主宰国家能源版图的林业。燃烧木材将继续成为首要的能量来源,但它系不可再生能源。所以有必要发展其他方式来满足国家贫困地区的能源需求。尼泊尔拥有丰富的水资源,可以在水资源丰富地区发展水力发电以满足当地的需求。发展小型水力发电站可以有效地缓解生物和燃料消耗带来的压力。 (来源:Suraj Upadhaya1, Enlightenment 2008 SUFF) A.Jagadeesh Nellore 博士(美联社), 印度

Harnessing a good range of renewable energy sources in Nepal

Comparing energy potential in Nepal and other countries, Nepal has invested heavily in micro hydroelectric sources over the past three decades. Nepal has 900 micro and hydrogen bonding facilities in the private sector, spread out in about 59 of 75 districts in the country. Solar power: 26,000 MW; wind power: 200 MW; capacity to bind with hydrogen: in theory, 83GW, and practically, 25,000MW; fuelwood: 7 metric tons; biogas: capacity of about 10 cu. meters, with 200,000 plants in the existing lifestock population. Nationally, more than 80% of the total energy demand in Nepal comes from the forestry sector that dominates the country’s energy landscape. Burning wood will keep being the main energy source in Nepal, but its current level of use is unsustainable. So it’s necessary to develop other means of meeting the energy needs of the country’s poor people. Nepal has abundant water resources that could be developed into hydropower in areas rich in water and to meet local needs. Development of micro hydroelectric stations can significantly reduce pressure on the consumption of biomass and fuel inputs. (Source: Suraj Upadhaya1, Enlightenment 2008 SUFF) Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore (AP), India

明智之举,但艰巨的任务

明智之举,但艰巨的任务 这是一个明智之举,但在同一时间一个巨大的任务。它只是表明了中国政府对人民福利的关注。 Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(美联社),印度

Wise move but Gigantic Task

It is a wise move but at the same time a gigantic task. It only shows the Concern of Chinese Government on the welfare of the people.

Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India

热带雨林向何处去?

优秀文章。

为什么要保护热带雨林栖息地?
热带雨林是世界上最古老而复杂的生态系统。它们只覆盖了地球的2%,但一半以上的植物和动物物种都生活在那里。热带雨林是很多生物的家,比如著名的美洲虎和箭毒蛙,以及鲜为人知的,甚至是身份不明的物种而闻名。
这些生态系统是一个惊人的资源,并很快就会溜走。热带雨林是许多现代的主食的发源地,包括番茄,玉米,巧克力,而我们只不过使用了可食用植物一小部分。此外,大约四分之一的现代药物来自于曾经应用于传统疗法的物种。西方的科学才分析了不到百分之一的具备药用化合物的热带雨林植物,而熟练使用这些植物的土著部落却正在迅速消失。
热带雨林物种正在迅速灭绝,这又增加了问题的复杂性。

*事实和数据来源:雨林联盟,世界卫生组织,和雨林基金会。(来源:热带雨林区)。

Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(美联社),印度

Whither Rainforests?

Excellent article.

Why Preserve Rainforest Habitat?
Rainforests are some of the world's most ancient and complex ecosystems. They cover a mere 2% of the Earth, yet more than half of all plant and animal species live there. The rainforest is home to creatures as famous as the jaguar and poison dart frog, as well as lesser-known and even unidentified species.
These ecosystems are an amazing resource that is quickly slipping away. The rainforest is where many modern food staples originated, including tomatoes, corn, and chocolate, but we use a mere fraction of the edible plants available there. In addition, one quarter of modern medicines come from plant species that were first used as traditional remedies. Western science has analyzed less than one percent of rainforest plants for medicinal compounds, and the indigenous tribes that use these plants are rapidly disappearing.
To complicate matters more, the rate of species extinction in the rainforest is undeniably high.

found nowhere else in the world.
*Facts and figures from: The Rainforest Alliance, World Health Organization, and the Rainforest Foundation.(Source: The Rainforest Site).

Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India

马里有着发展农业生产的良好条件

马里有着发展农业生产的良好条件。

2008年三月,马里农业问题研讨会在巴马科召开。会议摘要如下:

扶贫成效以及马里农业的重要性

近几年马里发展很快,但是穷人从中受益甚少。尽管金矿开采业发展迅猛,但它不属于劳动密集型产业。由于穷人大部分生活在农村,农业生产至关重要。鉴于受到天气或其他自然灾难等因素的影响,农业生产极不稳定。脱贫的速度远远低于预期,城乡差距正在拉大。有必要采取一种新的措施,促使农业成为经济强劲增长的引擎,增强农民参与农业生产的能力并分享经济增长的成果。这意味着要承认农业私有化,采取奖励措施,并鼓励更多的私人投资参与进来。(来源:经合组织发展援助委员会)

Dr. A. Jagadeesh Nellore (美联社), 印度

Mali has great scope for Agricultural Development

Mali has good scope for Agriculture.

Workshop Proceedings Bamako March 2008 has the summary on Agriculture in Mali:

PRO-POOR GROWTH AND THE ROLE OF AGRICULTURE IN MALI
The poor have derived little benefit from Mali’s brisk growth in recent years. Gold mining, a rapidly expanding sector, is not labour intensive. Agricultural production on the other hand, which is a key sector since the majority of poor people live in rural areas, is variable and rather weak due to well-known difficulties such as dependence on rainfall and the effects of other natural hazards. Poverty has thus declined a lot less than expected and urban/rural inequalities have increased. A new approach is needed if, as is hoped, the agricultural sector is to become the driver of strong growth that enhances the ability of the poor to participate in and benefit from economic activity. This will mean recognising agriculture as a private sector activity supported by incentives and taking measures to encourage more investment by private investors. (Source DAC NETWORK ON POVERTY REDUCTION).

Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India

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